The spruce budworm is a small brown moth which lays its eggs on balsam fir, white spruce and sometimes red and black spruce. Newly hatched larvae make nests in protected areas where they overwinter. Feeding commences in the spring with defoliation becoming apparent later in the summer.
Shore flies are mainly considered a nuisance pest but can also transmit pathogens such as Pythium, Fusarium and other root diseases to food crops and ornamentals. Additionally, their excrements (brown-black specks) cause cosmetic damage to ornamentals and food crops.
There are specific solutions for different species of shore flies.
For more information contact your local BioBee field agent.