Blueberries are a (Cyanococcus vaccinium) group of perennial flowering plants with blue or purple berries.
Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. As the wave of legalization advances, this budding industry is adopting the high standards of consumer-product makers to meet regulatory requirements. Integrated pest management offers solutions for this crop than traditional pest management cannot.
Courgettes and zucchinni are the same plant and part of the gourd family. Zucchini is the common term used in American English speaking countries, while courgette is the more common term among French and British English speaking people.
BioBee’s approach to IPM is multifaceted, employing multiple strategies to achieve the optimal result. In addition to the gradual release of host-specific beneficial insects, BioBee recommends that growers use selective “soft” chemical pesticides. This strategy helps growers transition from using “harsh” chemicals, which are dangerous to the human population and the environment and have long-lasting residues. It has also been proven to increase marketable crop yield, and as a result, increases profits.
Cucurbits, also referred to as the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae) include squash, pumpkin, cucumber, gourd, watermelon, and cantaloupe. They are vegetables, fruit and sometimes ornamentals, trailing or climbing plants.
In deciduous trees (apples, pears, stone fruit, kiwi, almonds…), pests can cause the fruit to be unfit for the market. Boring insects, which prefer to eat directly upon the tree’s nutrient carrying layers (the cambium and xylem) cause more serious damage. This often kills the tree within a season or two. Early detection of tree boring insects is absolutely vital.
Eggplant is a self-pollinating plant, the flowers contain both anthers (which produce pollen) and pistils(which receive pollen). A light breeze or movement of flying insects can shift the anthers to the pistils in the flower and thus complete pollination. Greenhouse grown eggplants require additional help from the bumblebees who have superior sight orientation than honeybees, which allows them to pollinate indoors. Natural pollination is not only extremely effective, it also increases yield and fruit quality. Additionally, Bumblebees do not store honey like the honey bee, so they must forage daily. They can perform in cold, cloudy and rainy conditions and work very fast (4 times faster than the honey bee), which means that they visit many more flowers at any given time. They are very large (twice the size of a honey bee) and fuzzier, so every visit to the flower causes effective pollination.
Melons belong to the Cucumis melois family. There are many types and varieties of melons.
Over more than 20 species of mushrooms are currently commercially cultivated. World consumption of button mushrooms, oyster, enokitake, wood ear, shiitake and edible mushrooms as a whole is raising. Mushroom production represents one of the best examples in agriculture where pests can be controlled without the use of chemicals.
Many ornamental plants are grown as cut flowers: from chrysanthemum, poinsettia to gerberas, roses and daisies. To provide customers with healthy looking plants many growers use harsh pesticides and many pesticides applied are persistent, dislodgeable by hand contact and fat-soluble. Growers, florists and consumers are all potentially exposed to the chemical residue. Today there is a higher demand for residue-free cut flowers which can be achieved with the BioBee multifaceted IPM programs.
Roses belong to the Rosaceae family, and count more than three hundred species and over thousands of different cultivars. Roses are used as ornamental plants, cut flowers and for other commercial applications (perfumes, cooking, cosmetics and medicine).
Strawberries are grown in open-field and in tunnels or greenhouses, which are utilized to extend the growing season. Strawberries are particularly prone to aphids infestations (specifically, Aphis gossypii, Myzus persica, and Myzus nicotianae) as well as red spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) and strawberry spider mite (Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov & Nicolski) infestations.
Sweet peppers (Capsicum annuum), also known as bell peppers or capsicum. Cultivars of the plant produce fruits in different colors: red, yellow, orange, green, white, and purple.
Table grapes are grapes intended for consumption while fresh, as opposed to grapes grown for wine production, juice production, or for drying into raisins.
The tomato is the edible berry of the Solanum lycopersicum plant.
Turf (the upper stratum of soil bound by grass and plant roots into a thick mat) and grasses are cultivated and used in lawns, parks, green urban areas, golf courses, race tracks, a variety of athletic and sport fields as well as private gardens.
Some vegetables are perennials but most are annuals and biennials, usually harvested within a year of sowing or planting.
A vineyard is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus) is a flowering plant species of the Cucurbitaceae family, with more than 1,000 varieties.